Sap from this tree is higher in sugar than that of other maple trees and is thus commonly used to make maple syrup. Red Maple Tree Genus and Other Classification. The leaves typically have more lobes than other maples, and a finer texture. Find out about some of the most popular maple tree varieties in this article. Other deciduous trees include oak trees, birch trees, elm trees and most ash trees. Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. Many people decide to plant maples because they work well as shade, street, and specimen trees. Red Maple Tree Varieties. 521 432 98. The leaves in most species are palmate veined and lobed, with 3-9 (rarely to 13) veins each leading to a lobe, one of which is central or apical. Sycamore maple trees are enormous trees. The sugar maple, named for its bountiful sap, is the official tree of Canada. From small weepers through to small, medium and large shade and autumn colouring trees, the options they offer for garden design are almost limitless. If you take a look at a picture of the hornbeam maple, its leaves are nothing like what you would expect from a maple. Spread: Varieties from 16 to 20 feet. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. > Description of Maple Tree Genus. Maple trees are known for their vibrant leaf colours in autumn. In the right settings, this species may become invasive, so before planting it check to make sure it is not a problem in your region. Varieties from 16 to 20 feet. Japanese maples grow from USDA zones 5 to 8 or 9. Japanese maples are the perfect trees for small, peaceful landscape sanctuaries like rock, zen, or cottage gardens. Branching habit is well balanced with an oval to rounded crown and a strong central leader. Leaves Maple Tree. Although the tree is named sycamore, this tree species is in the genus Acer which means it is one of the types of maple trees. There are plenty of cold hardy maple trees that will make it … Red Maple Tree genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). The 'Embers' and 'Flame' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. But more than seven in 10 Acer species (71.5%) are not at risk, and the only species found in the UK, the field maple, is not under threat. Sign up for our newsletter. Japanese maple trees are prized for their beautiful foliage. Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. Its leaves are nothing like what you expect from a maple. Restricted to the Pacific Coast, this tree is the most massive of … If you have space for a tree, consider a maple (Acer spp. Resistant to heat, drought, and air pollution, Norway maples are reliable varieties of maple trees that develop yellow and orange fall foliage. Maple wood is used for furniture, flooring, woodwork, plywood, and firewood. This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. As with many widespread species, this tree carries several regional common names, such as soft maple, creek maple, river maple, white maple, and water maple. The sap of the sugar maple generally takes the least time and energy to boil down, requiring 40 quarts of sap to render one quart of finished syrup. Maple trees include a sizable number of species in the genus Acer within the plant family Aceraceae. This tree does well with urban conditions like salt and pollution. Maple Tree Types. Commonly called full-moon maple or shirasawa maple, and similar in appearance to A. japonicum. Eastern white cedar. Maple is one of the most beautiful and the most versatile trees. This tree is most people’s first choice for maple syrup, even though other varieties of maples—as well as other genera of hardwood trees—can be and often are tapped for syrup and confections. Spread: Varieties from 16 to 20 feet. Dwarf varieties are often used as ornamental shrubs, while larger cultivars are planted as small specimen trees. Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. There are over 150,000 copies in print, and it has been printed in three editions. After thousands of years of collecting and breeding, there are at least a thousand different varieties of Japanese maples. If you happen to be in spring, try spotting some samaras on your tree. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. The elegant and diminuative Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) is a three-season winner in those climates where they're suitable, since there are cultivars that have beautiful chartreuse or deep red leaves during the spring and summer, giving way to yellow, red-purple, and bronze fall color. Many varieties also develop thick exposed roots that make it hard to mow lawns; these types are better planted in a woodland setting or where the ground around them can be covered with mulch or a living ground cover other than grass. The leaves are medium-green in color with three or five lobes; the foliage turns yellow-orange in fall. The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. Maple Leaves Autumn. The Major Types of Japanese Maples. Quick growth results in brittle branches that break and fall easily, often causing property damage. Keep reading to learn more about cold hardy maple trees and growing maple trees in zone 4. Maple Tree Scientific Name: Acer Maple trees lose their leaves in the fall and can therefore be classified as deciduous trees. These trees are important to the lumber industry and include black maples and sugar maples, known for their superior quality syrup. Maple trees make their homes in various forests, reserves, and yards across the globe, most frequently in North America, Europe and eastern Asia. It is drought and moisture tolerant. It has been accorded national importance by the Canadian government since 1965 - the maple leaf features prominently on the national flag of Canada. Other varieties usually feature yellow hues in fall. Red Maple Tree plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Red Maple Tree. Greenish-white flowers in spring give way to red samaras, and the fall foliage is yellow or red. Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre). Once established, the Amur maple will have some drought resistance. After the leaves drop, the tree's bark takes center stage with its bright coral-red color. Another thing that all maples have in common is their fruit, called samaras. They offer a great variety of form, size, and foliage; many display striking autumn colour. Red maple tree (Acer rubrum) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped, green foliage that turns brilliant shades of red in fall. Sugar Maple Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) grows 50 to 80 feet tall and up to 50 feet wide. It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Three-lobed (or sometimes five-lobed) green leaves usually turn reddish in fall, though the particular hues can be unpredictable. This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. Rather than the palmate lobes found on the classic maple, this species has lobeless elongated leaves with pointed tips and corrugated texture. A good-size Japanese maple tree with multi-season appeal, 'Sango-kaku' (commonly called coral bark maple) features green leaves that turn brilliant yellow in fall. The Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum) is a fabulous addition to any garden and will grow from 0.5m to 25m offering a splendour of colour with its distinctive-shaped leaves.Originally cultivated in Japan (hence the name), the striking Japanese Maple with its gnarly trunk and pretty leaves (called momiji – meaning baby hands) have been popular garden additions since the 1800s. The dark-green leaves are quite large, with five lobes, but there is no fall color to speak of—the foliage remains green or may turn a yellowish-brown. All maples have leaves divided into three, five, or seven lobes. Compared with many other trees and shrubs they have few pests or diseases and are versatile enough to thrive in locations ranging from full shade to full sun. Japanese maple tree often refers to maple tree cultivars from Acer palmatum, and also may include maple trees from species Acer japonicum, and Acer shirasawanum (and even closely related species A. circinatum – N. American native). The paperbark maple is often chosen for a landscape because of its cinnamon or reddish-brown colored bark that peels away from the trunk, even when the tree is young. Among the many types of maple trees, a few stand out as kings and queens of their family. Here are 13 excellent maple tree species for your landscape. While it can make a good large shade tree in the right circumstances, this is not a tree that is very tolerant of urban conditions. A Japanese maple can be a focal point in many different types of garden designs. This large tree is an excellent shade tree for large landscapes and parks. Its’ uniform shape requires little or no pruning. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. Find Maple trees at Lowe's today. Sugar Maples also grow into large shade trees by reaching heights of 55 to 75 feet, with a spread of 30 to 50 feet. We sell Asian (Japanese), Hybrid, Norway, Red, Silver, Sugar, and Tartarian tree types. Vertrees & Peter Gregory Published in 1978, Japanese Maples is the most comprehensive collection of information regarding the many varieties of Japanese Maples out there. Fall foliage is variable, ranging from an ordinary green to shades of yellow and red. Also known as field maple or common maple, the hedge maple is a small- to medium-sized tree that can serve as a shade tree in small landscapes or can be pruned to serve as a hedge plant in larger landscapes.Medium-green foliage gives way to yellow colors in fall. They can be grown in the garden, in containers and of course they are ideal s… ginnala. The sugar maple, named for its bountiful sap, is the official tree of Canada. The sugar maple has two cultivars, plus two related species that thrive in the South. Types of Acer Maple Trees 101 49 72. Spring foliage is burgundy, turning green in summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall. They are essentially winged seeds that twirl to the ground when ripe, much to the delight of children who get caught in a shower of “whirlybirds.”. Most maples are shallow-rooted trees that can push up sidewalks and other paving surfaces if planted too close. The closest relatives of the maples are the horse chestnuts. There are hundreds of Japanese maple varieties that come in various sizes with a large assortment of leaf shapes and colors that range from shades of green to orange, red, purple, and variegated. It does not respond well to compacted soils, road salts, or pollution. In a neglected yard, seedlings may quickly spout up and overtake a landscape. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). "Soft maple" isn't a maple species. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Buds long pointed, with 6-8 pairs of scales. Maple, (Acer), any of a large genus (about 200 species) of shrubs or trees in the family Sapindaceae, widely distributed in the North Temperate Zone but concentrated in China.Maples constitute one of the most important groups of ornamentals for planting in lawns, along streets, and in parks. Maple Tree Identification; Maple trees can be easily identified by their leaves. Eastern hemlock. Due to its habit of forming surface roots, plant the tree away from house foundations or sidewalks. Several seedless maple varieties are available, either hybrids or male selections that do not produce seeds. ); their large crowns and fall color make them attractive choices. Here are a few distinguishing characteristics of some of the more common types of Acer maple trees: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Making up the Aceracaeae family, these lovely trees are found throughout the world, though tend to prefer relatively temperate climates. It has the biggest leaves of any maple; the classic five-lobed, palm-shape leaves can be over 12 inches wide. Exposure: Full sun to part shade. The wood of the sugar maple is strong, heavy and hard with a light brown to reddish color. Maple trees, with their distinctive leaf shape, are some of the most easily recognizable trees in the world. Best of the Best: Maples With Great Fall Color, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Its mature height is around 60 feet tall. Let's have a look at the different varieties of maple trees. The maples usually have easily recognizable palmate leaves (Acer negundo is an exception) and distinctive winged fruits. From broad and spreading Norway maples, to columnar red maples, to short and shrubby 'Emerald Elf’ amur maple, you can find a maple to fit any planting need. The hedge maple is a great choice for the urban garden, as it does well in many difficult environments: drought; acidic, alkaline, or salty soils; shady locations; and climates where there is ozone deficiency. The red flowers becom… The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. Acer ginnala is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tatarian maple, carrying the label Acer tataricum subsp. It also is sometimes called by the common name Siberian maple. Sycamore maples grow to 115 ft. (35 m), have broad five-lobed leaves, and flaking rough bark that reveals inner orange bark. It does not have the palmate lobes that most maple leaves feature. Maples are renowned for their autumn colors; many species put on a display of oranges, browns, yellows, and reds every year. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. Threats Climate change , resulting in warmer, drier weather overall, is perhaps the greatest threat to Canadian maples. As the name suggests, the leaves are quite large on this tree. The fruits of maples are samaras in winged pairs enclosing a seed that are dispersed by wind. Look at the pictures of mature trees of your particular variety to see what a mature tree looks like and try to prune your young tree in that way. The sugar maple is a large tree with a densely rounded crown. Fall leaf color is red, with yellows sometimes also appearing. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage is more like what you would find on a hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Find Your Favorite Maple The maple tree family is a large one, and it includes trees of all shapes and sizes. The type species of the genus is the sycamore maple, Acer pseudoplatanus, the most common maple species in Europe. The generic maple species (Acer spp) is Canada’s official arboreal emblem.There are more than 100 different species of maple around the world, 10 of which are native to Canada: sugar, black, silver, bigleaf, red, mountain, striped, Douglas, vine, and Manitoba. The species and common names for this maple come from the fact that the leaves are similar to those of the sycamore (Platanus). Find out about some of the most popular maple tree varieties in this article. This species is a hybrid of two trees that are native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. The foliage turns dramatic shades of orange or red in fall. Listing for Acer (Maple) The Genus Acer is the largest group of deciduous trees and encompasses a vast range of shapes, sizes, colours and forms. Red maples (Acer rubrum) are native to eastern portions of the U.S. and tolerate warmer conditions than many maple types, being hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9.The tree quickly reaches a mature height of 75-feet and makes an attractive shade or specimen tree. Autumn Leaves Maple. Zones: 5-7. Many plant species within a genus have a similar appearance, but there can be surprises, as is the case with hornbeam maple. Cold Hardy Maple Trees for Zone 4. Japanese maple to the towering sugar maple that can reach heights of 100 feet (30.5 m.) or more, the Acer family offers a tree just the right size for every situation. 1,909 Free images of Maple Tree. The red maple ranges from southeastern Manitoba around the Lake of the Woods on the border with Ontario and Minnesota, east … Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage more closely resembles that of the hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). Exposure: Full sun to part shade. Hard maples usually have leaves with moderate indentations. The term refers to the quality of a maple tree's wood. Why should you care about Native Species and specifically Native Canadian Maples? The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum). Red Maple. With over a hundred species and nearly as many subspecies, maple tree identification can be tricky. While it is a good idea to keep most landscape trees properly watered throughout the growing season, a maple will produce its best fall color if watering is withheld in the last weeks of summer and early fall. Fall colors vary considerably depending on cultivar; yellows, red-purples, and bronze hues are all available. Height: Varieties from 16 to 20 feet. They are subject to wood rot, and landowners have to pay the high cost of tree removal or risk collapse. These trees have a reputation for being hard to grow, but this is largely undeserved. 220 300 31. Branches are ascending at a 45 degree angle. The species makes an excellent suburban or rural landscape tree in acid soil regions of the state. This species is closely related to the Amur maple. It grows natively in the northeastern regions of the United States and can reach a height of more than 100 feet at maturity. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. Desirable for their showy fall color, these deciduous trees are often planted by home gardeners who want a tree to shade their yard. This plant has some cultivated varieties. 297 344 35. … Detailed descriptions, growing information and pictures of some of the best performing Seedless Maples. The sugar maple tree, or Acer saccharum, is classified as a "hard hardwood" maple tree. It also tends to resist leaf scorch from hot, dry weather better than many other varieties. Water: Medium. Many parts of the red maple live up to the name. This colorful maple tree is a sure way to add winter interest to your landscape. Leaves Maple Autumn. In fall, the leaves change to exciting shades of orange and gold. This maple is the first choice for those seeking to make maple syrup, as the sap contains a larger percentage of plant sugars than with any other maple species. Freeman's maple offers a number of cultivars and these are more commonly planted than the species. Paired keys with stalks longer than the wings: wings slightly divergent. Shop trees and a variety of lawn & garden products online at Lowes.com. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. Eastern redcedar. The interesting bark provides plenty of winter interest. Trees of this variety are also native to the eastern United States and Canada, and are one of the most common tree varieties in the United States. Maple Maple Leaves. These mesmerizing trees are treasured by many cultures and … The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. Landscapers use these trees to get quick results, but they may become a problem in the landscape as they age. As the norway maple matures, it can produce a large volume of seeds in the Autumn requiring possible clean up. Maples trees come in various types. Large, 5-lobed leaf: Both the sugar maple and the Norway maple have this characteristic, with the sugar maple leaf having a few large teeth and rounded spaces between the lobes. The silver maple is one of the trees you are most likely to see throughout the U.S., since it naturalizes very easily and grows very quickly. Hard maples grow very slowly and live a long time. In fact they are the most typical trees used for Bonsai. It is not a popular landscape tree because it lacks fall color, but the sycamore maple can make a good shade tree and has good tolerance for salty conditions. Maple Tree Varieties. It can also be used as a street tree if the power lines are high enough. There are many types of Maple (Acer) species, and this genus consists of tree and shrub growth form types.This genus contains mostly species that are deciduous trees growing to 10 to 45m (30 to 145ft) in height, see Maple pictures on this page. Acer rubrum, the red maple, also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America.The U.S. Forest service recognizes it as the most abundant native tree in eastern North America. To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. Japanese maple trees can provide a striking focal point, be the perfect plant to set off a large container, or grow into an impressive bonsai specimen. The three-lobed leaves are medium green on the top surfaces, with bottom surfaces that are gray-green. Water: Medium. 350 385 33. This can be a somewhat difficult plant to find for sale, but it can make a good small tree or large shrub in the landscape. Most notable are the freemanii cultivars. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps 130-150 years. Related Images: maple autumn tree leaves fall nature leaf foliage plant. The lobes on some maples are mere indentations in the leaves, while others have lobes so deeply divided that a single leaf can look like a cluster of individual, thin leaves. Always check the behavior of the maple species you are considering before planting it. So, you should know that the Sugar Maple gets its name by having the sweetest sap out of all of the maple trees. Most Maple species are deciduous, however a few species in southern Asia and the Mediterranean region are evergreen. These fruits … Maple is an important food source for wildlife. 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